People who are interested in becoming a DJ may experience many challenges. The biggest is choosing the right speakers, finding the proper components, and knowing how to place everything correctly. In this know-it-all guide, up-and-coming DJ professionals can learn all that they need to know about appropriate speaker selection and setup for their gigs.
Choosing the Right Variety of Speakers
People who have never been a DJ before may not even know what kind of speakers that are necessary for their gigs. The main types are broken up into two different main varieties and several sub-categories, including : main speakers and monitor speakers. New DJ professionals should own some of each type to improve the quality of their gigs.
Main speakers are, true to their name, the most critical type for a DJ. These speaker types provide a broad range of frequencies, including bass, mid-frequencies, and treble. As a result, main speakers are typically the most massive type available for DJ gigs and usually provide a vast majority of the sound heard by individuals at a concert.
Main speakers break up into several different categories, the first of which is tweeters. Tweeters are designed to concentrate on higher treble and mid-frequencies. These frequencies are essential to boost at a DJ gig because they provide a majority of the music's melodic content.
By contrast, woofers and subwoofers focus on increasing the bass sound. Any DJ gigging for dance gigs will need these speakers because the bass is prominent in so much dance music. Without good bass, a DJ may not get people on the dance floor.
Lastly, monitor speakers are necessary to check and adjust the sound as a gig progresses. Monitor speakers typically face the DJ and help them track the progress of a concert. However, these speaker types don't produce the same depth of sound created by main speakers. Instead, they provide a basic idea of the quality of the music.
Picking the Right Components
After buying a quality range of speakers, new DJ professionals must find the right components for their unit. For example, a 30-pin-to-USB cable may be necessary for professionals who have early iPod or iPhone models. More commonly, connectors such as five-way binding posts are used to connect speakers to the source of music.
Inspect the music device that will be used for a DJ gig and examine its connections. The connectors compatible with these speakers are typically indicated on the speaker to make selection easier. The instruction manual will also indicate what connectors are necessary. Make sure to buy cables that are long enough to reach the various speakers located throughout the gig area.
Other gig components include a mixer into which a music player and the sound system speakers plug. A mixer allows DJ professionals to control where their sound goes, manages the frequency types, and boosts or decreases the volume. The music player will vary depending on the DJ but typically includes CD players, mp3 players, or even laptop computers.
Positioning Speakers Properly
After purchasing all the necessary speakers, components, and music players for a gig, a new DJ needs to take into account various speaker positioning elements, such as:
- Room Length - Face the most important speakers at the front of the hall, at least one on each side, and face them away from the DJ spot. Extra speakers along the sides or the back of the gig area create a surround- sound style.
- Wall Position - Keep each speaker at least three to six feet from the wall to avoid echoes. Too much echo produces a hollow sound. Keep the room size in mind when choosing a position, with smaller rooms getting shorter distances.
- Speaker Angles - Position each speaker at a 60-degree angle from the nearest wall. This angle ensures that the sound travels the farthest throughout the room.
Any individual who is interested in becoming a DJ must keep these elements in mind at all times to increase their chances of success. However, more complex concepts involving component connection and speaker choices may be necessary for a new DJ to understand, so please contact Creative Acoustics to learn more.